Periodontics is the area of dentistry dealing with gums and gum disease.
Gum disease is the swelling, soreness or infection of the tissues supporting the teeth. There are two main types of gum disease; ‘gingivitis’ and ‘periodontal disease’.
Gingivitis means inflammation of the gums, which often leads to bleeding when you brush, for instance. After a while, if this is not treated, gingivitis can turn into periodontal disease, which has a bad effect on tissues supporting the teeth. As the disease progresses, the bone fixing the teeth to the jaw is lost, making the teeth loose. If untreated, the teeth may eventually fall out.
Gum disease is very common and more teeth are lost as a result than through tooth decay. Most people experience the problem of gingival inflammation and often they may be unaware of it, until the problem advances. The early signs to look out for are:
- Bleeding gums
- Sensitive gums
- Bad breath
- Receding gums
These problems affect all ages, therefore early intervention can help prevent or manage the problem. There are many factors that can affect the onset of gum disease, such as diabetes, smoking, diet and even heredity, so if members of your family have gum disease then you may also be susceptible.
Gum disease can be prevented with good oral hygiene and our dental Hygienists provide invaluable support to our patients in this respect.
Once gum disease is established and bone loss has occurred the effects cannot be reversed. Special treatment will be required to arrest the disease and to control and maintain it. Our dentists and Specialist Periodontist can help in this respect.
Endodontics is the area of dentistry dealing with root canals.
If the blood or the nerve supply of the tooth (known as the pulp) is infected either through decay or injury, the infection may spread through the root canal system of the tooth. In the early stages you may not feel any pain. In some cases the tooth may darken in colour.
The infection may lead to an abscess and the symptoms can vary from a dull ache to severe pain and the tooth may be tender when you bite. If root canal treatment is not performed, the infection may spread and the tooth may need to be taken out.
The purpose of the treatment is to treat or prevent infection by elimination of bacteria from the root canals. This is done by making a hole through the top of the tooth into the pulp chamber. The root canals are located and measured. They are then cleaned, disinfected and widened with very fine files. The canals are then filled to prevent any recurrence.
Our dentists would be able to tell you about the chances of success through root canal treatment, as in some cases the tooth decay may have advanced so much that the tooth is not saveable. We have a dentist with advanced level of expertise who enjoys a high level of success in treatment. However, please note that 100% of any medical procedure is never guaranteed.
After root treatment, it is important to restore the tooth, usually with a crown in order to protect it from further exposure to infection and to strengthen the tooth.
Is it painful?
No. Local anaesthesia is used throughout the procedure and every possible step is taken to ensure that you are comfortable while the work is being carried out. Following treatment there is a possibility of discomfort. This is usually minor, does not last long and responds to mild analgesics.
Orthodontics is the area of dentistry relating to straightening or moving teeth to improve their appearance and how they function. It can also help to look after the long-term health of the teeth, gums and jaw-joints, by spreading the biting pressure over all the teeth.
Dental and facial irregularities can be present in both children and adults and there are many people who have crowded or crooked teeth. The technical term for orthodontic problems is malocclusion, which simply means bad bite.
There is no doubt that improvements in personal appearance contribute to greater mental and physical well-being. Creating a beautiful smile through orthodontics is a reliable way of improving the health of your teeth as well as your self-esteem. In this way, orthodontic treatment can benefit social and career success, as well as improve one’s general attitude toward life.
The practice of orthodontics requires professional skill in the diagnosis and identification of facial disharmony and dental abnormality, as well as design and application of appropriate treatment. Our Specialist Orthodontist is able to advise on the appropriate treatment from the wide range of options available.
There are different types of braces on offer and our Specialist is able to describe the benefits and disadvantages of each option during the consultation and within the written report:
- Fixed braces
- Stainless Steel fixed braces
- Coloured braces
- Tooth-coloured braces
- Incognito braces
- Removable braces
- Functional or Orthopaedic braces
The length of treatment depends on how severe the problem is, and may take anything from a few months to over 2 years. Most people can be treated in 1 or 2 years. Orthodontic appliances usually need adjusting every 4 to 6 weeks.
Implantology is the area of dentistry, providing a substitute tooth for a missing natural tooth.
Dental implants offer a permanent solution for your missing teeth. They are mainly a screw or cylinder shaped material placed into the socket. As well as an outer thread, implants also have some form of internal screw thread that allows a variety of components to be fitted onto. Once fitted, these components provide the foundation for long-term support of crowns or bridges.
Our Implantologist and our Specialist Orthodontist are experts in this area of dentistry and would be happy to advise accordingly.